Water crises, India, Water conservation, rivers, india

The government has just issued a strict warning of the shortage of deficiency. But this is the government that needs to be heard.

Like a few million privileged Indians, I live in the idiot’s paradise. This is a paradise because unlike more than 600 million of my fellow citizens, I have no problem in drinking enough water, either drinking, bathing or flushing. According to the new government’s warning, but only one fool will ignore the fact that Bangalore is one of the 21 Indian cities which can be out of ground water in less than two years.

I know how weak that the pipe, municipal water is interactive, sometimes only once a week, usually two times. It is brought from the Kaveri, river through 200 km pipes and pumps. This low supply does not affect my life, because like most of the elite of Bangalore, there is a storage tank and bore well in my building, whenever the cavity water disappears when the power disappears then the pump automatically comes out, This reduces the water nerves easily.
Races cannot run on groundwater – the level has fallen across the country. In a UNESCO report found that India was the world’s largest extractor of groundwater – it is also the largest consumer of fresh water – 251 cubic km excluding groundwater, more than twice the rate of United States and China, Which is tied for second place at 112CU. India’s per capita water availability fell 74% in 69 years in 2011.

If you compare the groundwater supply of Bangalore to the Bank Fixed Deposit, then the Kaveri is like interest on the deposit of water, which is going without a dip in the deposit. This is the same across the country – ground level in India, as stated by India Spend, is now more important on earth – because India runs on its fixed deposits. Government now says that in many cities the groundwater will last till 2020.

The government’s think tank Nitya  Ayod warned the headline “Comprehensive Water Management Index”, issued last week that “India is suffering from the worst water crisis in its history and millions of people and livelihood are in danger.” These alerts are not particularly new.

In the beginning of this year, a report from Water Aid, an advocacy group, said that 63 million Indians – or many people living in Australia, Sweden, Sri Lanka and Bulgaria, jointly wrote by my colleague Charu Bahri – living in rural areas alone Access to clean water What was new now that the Indian government attracted attention on the country’s water emergency.

Although Earth Management said, “Water management” is improving, “Crisis will only gets worse” The reason for this is that, at the current consumption rate, India’s demand will exceed supply by 2050. But India can get out of the water as consumption will not only increase due to the prosperity of Indians; the country is also poisoning the water.

Poisonous water
In Bangalore, the poisonous is all clear. Today, many of these water bodies have been removed, built or otherwise encroached. Most of the lakes and tanks were miracles of hydrological connectivity, one of them was linked to natural or man-made channels, which flowed in the next and next. Those connections were interrupted due to development and encroachment, and the remaining lake is separate sea level, which is refinanced by a handful of committed citizen groups.

The Central Pollution Control Board says that, across India, 650 cities and towns have lied with polluted rivers, which disrupt poisonous and organic waste for “poor environmental management system” in industries and cities, causing the surface and there is pollution of ground water sources, water is irrigated and prepared for domestic use. According to Central Groundwater, Bhuj in India is the more polluted than half, fluoride, the nitrates and engaged with arsenic..

You can argue that Indians have more than one billion people, so stress of water seems inevitable. It is not as obvious as it is because it can sound. For example, according to World Bank statistics, with more people than India, China uses 28% less fresh water. India is confused in wasting water.

As the report of New Ayod says, most of the states manage their water poorly, especially in the poor, populated north, where in 2009 a scientist of the American National Aeronautics and Space Administration declined the future of agricultural production. And had predicted “serious reduction”. If groundwater management practices – or their lack – have not changed. He was not alone. A 2014 study by Indian and American scientists warned, “Most of the groundwater waste areas are compatible with the highly fertile aquatic hydropower of the Ganga-Brahmaputra Basin, which is under intensive groundwater clearance related to crop irrigation . “

In other words, persistent governments have discovered the problem for some time but have been chosen to do anything, either lack of inefficiency and foresight – a common Indian problem – or for political and financially effective benefits.

Mihir Shah, who has presided over several committees on the water reform for the current government, is well aware of the lack of improvement. None of their proposals is close to implementation, because he had kept Mint in an interview last week, “Extraordinary resistance to the interests contained within the Central Water Commission, which uses almost mysterious power in water policy in India “.
One reason is that the dams are constructed but the fields do not have canals to carry that water because the construction of the dam construction is attractive; India is full of incomplete irrigation projects. Shah says, “This is not my pleasure to say this,” but I am afraid that it is to do corruption in India with the political economy. “

State failure
In rural India – where the fifth person gets water from a source which is more than half km away – rare water often turns into deep water crops, whose farmers order political influence. It is not clear anywhere in Maharashtra, where 1.1 million sugarcane farmers occupy 4% of agricultural land but 70% receive irrigation water, leaving 10% of the water leaving 10 million poor farmers.

In urban India, the government did not plan or implement minority policies – urged by influential minority groups – which reduce the availability of water for the vast majority. Urban water systems are old, many of the colonial vintage and poor maintenance. The water which leakage is usually enough to cure deficiency. In this summer, more than half the water supplied by the municipality is wasted in Shimla, which is highly publicized, affected by the water crisis. If this does not happen then there will be no immediate crisis.

But the big problem is that the government reduces or ignores its warnings, because it is doing in Delhi, where there is not much distance from the office of the judiciary, another branch of the government will be called the “Government House” for the redevelopment of the colonies. Only 14,031 trees are planning to cut “- Oh, and to widen a road for the airport, 2,000.

The capital of India has already lost thousands of trees for overpass, roads and metro construction. In the last decade, Indian cities have lost millions of trees, with claims of compensation afforestation and transplantation, generally unreal or never followed.

There is no debate about such urban or other development. But the government should realize that employment and economic development cannot exceed the other needs which are rationally more important and basic, like clean air and water. When the tree is cut, then an inclination of negative effects stops, which ends in the loss of rainfall and more intense heat, obstruct the weather patterns and the safety of the water. Removing trees is indirectly affecting water resources, but more Indian growth – as is currently being done by governments who wink or violate environmental laws – directly affect the country’s water.

A recent example of cross-eyed development is pushing – on the example of the Prime Minister – four Hindu pilgrims, for connecting four Hindu pilgrim sites, is breaking through 889-km highway through the lower Himalayas. Thousands of trees have been cut off, and despite court orders and fines, thousands of trees have been thrown into forests and rivers, which destroy the northern plains. This destruction is possible because the environmental impact required for the law was not evaluated. The government broke its law, arguing that only a new project needs such a study; Char-Dham highway, it emphasizes, is the only mass expansion of the existing roads. Such creative accounting only accelerates the arrival of zero-day India.

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