For ensuring the recycling of plastics which have not been banned, the Maharashtra government is ready to implement a buyback plan for PET bottles and milk pouches from Wednesday.
Although 18 other states have forbidden some plastics, Maharashtra is a country that implements the repurchase deposit system in the 40 countries worldwide.
Basically, the deposit given to a retailer will be returned back to the bottles or pouches back in the store. As the next step, the state is also planning to set up a similar mechanism for Tetra Pack and retail packaging in three months.
Mumbaikars will not only have to leave all low grade, single-use plastic, but they will be prepared to recycle other products because they take price tags.
It should be like breathing for a city whose drains are caught with a plastic bag, often with the waste from the leaching of the same material in the soil and water. Plastic 3-5% of the waste generated in the state and makes PET bottles and pouch bulk bags, besides carrying the bag.
The State has laid down on the basis of this scheme by referring to the principle of ‘Extended Producer Responsibility’ in the notification of Maharashtra plastic and thermocol products (Manufacturing, use, sale, transport, handling and storage) Notification, 2018.
The rules are mandatory for manufacturers to take responsibility for whatever they produce by installing collection and recycling infrastructure.
While the scheme promises to get rid of the open areas and plastic channels of Mumbai, the devil is in detail. Recyclers say that the guidelines are not clear, while experts say that high credit rates, lack of recycling capacity and lack of incentives can provide a non-starter to this scheme.
How do I look for compensation from manufacturers in the absence of that data? A leading plastic recycling, Wild West Arvind Shah of Innovation said, “Once the code system is required, which will take more than three days.”
Referring to a refundable charge of 2 rupees for PET bottles of less than 1 liter capacity, he said, “500 ml bottle is 60 paisa and the recycler will have to pay 2 rupees to the consumers. How will this happen? People will get empty PET bottles and they will dump them in these machines, which will give them a benefit of Rs 1.40 per bottle. This scheme will work only when recycling is also profitable. Mother. “He said that the plastic collection of different grades will be mixed in the machines, which will provide less value in the recycling phase.”Forget the different grade bottles in the PET bottle, there are three types of plastic: bottle, plastic wrapper and lid. If the three are not sorted, then the value of crushed material is reduced,” a recycling said.
Experts also see the lack of recycling units. One expert said that there are units to recycle only 5-10% of the plastic generated in the country. While plastic production is growing 14% each year, recycling capacity is only increasing by 20% annually, which still leaves a big difference between production and recycling potential.
Producers say that as a delusional in this scheme, they have recycle 80% of PET bottles. Rajesh Chatham, chairman of Biller International said that the industry is discussing how to find ways to ensure that it is not dependent on the current system.
“Why bother the existing set-up? It’s been working efficiently for many years,” he said. Others said they would assist the government but demand clarity on the issues. Dairy owners say that the government has not yet discussed the buyback plan with them and it is difficult to establish a collection and recycling system at the retail level.
Officials of the Environment Department implementing the ban department said they are consulting with the manufacturers. When asked about complaints about high refunds, the official said that to ensure that people had returned bottles and bags to recycling.”This policy is constantly being revised,” said an official, “All stakeholders’ suggestions and difficulties are considered.”