NASA has launched a Cold Atom Lab (CAL) to the International Space Station. This lab is set to become the coldest spot in the universe, and it is created to explore the weird science. The ISS microgravity environment will be helping the NASA scientists to see the quantum phenomena which are usually undetectable from Earth, and it is specifically the behaviour of Bose-Einstein condensates or ultra-cold quantum gases.
These types of gases are said to be super strange, and they defy the rules that seem to govern all other forms of matter. As per the NASA website, it said that the Bose-Einstein condensates are atoms which are cooled to nearly absolute zero and even it is colder than the typical temperature in deep space. At that temperature, it is seen that the atoms almost become motionless relative to each other and they start to begin clumping together into the single low – energy state, and they behave like one atom, and it is known as “super atom.”
The clumping of the atoms which occurs should not happen theoretically, and it is going against the rule of physics as per the Pauli Exclusion Principle. It provides the particles in the identical states, and this means that the atoms cannot be in the same space at the same time. This thing which happens makes the scientist believed that there is still a lot of things that they do not know till now about the universe.
According to the Carlo Rovelli, who is writing in the 2016 book Seven Brief Lessons on Physics said, “It is hardly surprising that there are more things in heaven and earth, dear reader than have been dreamed of in our philosophy—or in our physics.”