On the last day of July 2018, the sky brings double happiness to lovers, amateur and astronomers.
On July 27, India and several other countries follow the longest lunar eclipse of the century around midnight of Indian Standard Time. The moon will be under the shadow of the earth and will be fully eclipse for one hour and 43 minutes! A few days later, another spectacular divine event is to excite and excite millions of people all over the world.
Mars will be closest to Earth on July 31. The red planet will be the brightest since August 2003, when Mars made the closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years (September 24, 57, 617 BC).
Mars, the fourth planet from the Sun, compared the Sun to the Sun in the Sun. As the distance increases from the Sun, the orbital period also increases. While the sun takes a little more than 365 days to go around the Sun, Mars takes 687 days.
Due to the difference in orbital velocity and orbital period, the Earth passes between Mars and the Sun every 26 months or so, making the sides of our planet opposite. This is called Mars in the opposition.
This year, the Mars planet will be in its opposition on July 27, just 51 days before its passing through its perihelion – the closest point relative to the Sun in its orbit. Since it will be close to the Earth by that time, it will look very bright and will be visible almost after sunset and will remain in the sky till sunrise.
The red planet in our planet sky will shine very prominently. At this time, the Red Planet is easy to see clearly with a telescope or even naked eyes. The Red Planet comes very close to giving us opportunities to look at such extraordinary times in 15 or 17 years, only once or twice.
Due to the elliptical orbits of planets, Earth and Mars come closer to each other during the opposition. This time the closest approach to Mars will be on July 31 and it will look bright and bigger since August 2003. The next closest approach to Red Planet, though not close to 2003, will not be until 2035. Mars in 2003 comes closer to Earth compared to 2287 (29 August).
On July 31, Mars will be 57.6 million km away. In 2003, the distance was 55.7 million km, which was the closest in almost 60,000 years. The next protest will be on October 6, 2020, but it will be a little further away from the earth 61.76 million kilometers.
Being the next door neighbor in the Mars Solar System, there has been tremendous interest in the public between the students and the scientists as well. Several space missions have been sent to Mars, which has given us information about the possible presence of water and the possibility of presence of life forms in the past. Although there is no definitive evidence of life on Mars, this idea has generated great interest.
Events on July 31 have increased the enthusiasm among sky fans and space enthusiasts, as is evident from posts on social media and various online forums.
In August 2003, a fraud that would appear to be larger in the form of Mars became the moon. Since then, almost every year around the year, Hex revives. This can also happen this year.
At this time on its closest approach, Mars will only have 24.3 arc seconds and will not be anywhere near the moon’s size, which is 75 times larger in diameter.
It is safe to watch Mars with naked eyes. If the sky enthusiasts want to see details, they can use a telescope with a diameter of 4 inches or more. Binoculars bigger, better resolution of surface features.
Astronomers have seen Mars dust a dust storm. One hope is that the storm will be reduced in time and the planet can be seen in full glory. The present condition of Mars is such that the South Polar Region and the snow lid on it will be well visible through Earth through a medium-sized telescope.
Right after sunset, to see this bright planet should look closer to the East-South-East skyline, which looks 1.8 times shiny than the Solar System, Jupiter’s largest planet.
Everyone has the desire to see this divine event enjoyable.