Tamil Nadu, Environment hell, freshwater

Environmental and social interruptions will cause eight-lane road and megaport if they are physically deadly for the water, food and social security of the state.

Chennai: As a place where a large government of India convergence – Bharatmala, Sagarmala, SmartCity and MakeInIndia- Ennore should be one of the most unfortunate places in India. For the construction of port infrastructure, roads, rail lines and power plants, central and state governments have constantly abandoned more than 1,000 acres of Ennore Creek. It has destroyed the local fishing economy, which has flooded and has harmed agricultural and water security due to the intensity of salinity. But this is nothing compared to what is in store for this useless area.


Recently, Adani SEZ’s newly acquired subsidiary – Marine Infrastructure Development Private Limited (MIDPL) has set up a mega-patta of Rs. 52,000 crore to handle coal, iron ore, automobile, steel, vegetable oil, container and other bulk goods. The proposal is kept. Adani’s proposal has given some clarity on the grand plan behind the eight-lane sail Chennai Expressway and the biggest violence of the state government in pushing this green-minded road project.
Environmental and social interruptions will cause eight-lane road and mega port if they are physically deadly for the water, food and social security of the state. Violent efforts to displace these labor-intensive economies are already clear in Ennore and the way in which the eight-lane Expressway has been allocated. On one hand, the state will have environmental collateral damage in this missing war between the farmer and the fisherman and on the other side, which would harm all Tamil Nadu.
A lot has been written about the eight-lane highway. But to fully appreciate its effects, understanding the port proposal and its “viability” depends on what.


Offer
The sandy island of Kattupally is a thin strip of long tunics surrounded by Pulicat lake in the north, Ennore Creek in Kosasthalaiyar in the west, the Bay of Bengal in the east and the sanctuary of Kosasthalaiyar in the south.
The government-approved coastal area management scheme of 1996 recognizes the entire island and wetland due to their ecological sensitivity in the west as ‘ecological zone’. But despite this security, two ports, coal-fired power plants and a desalination plant came on the island.

In 2017, L & T Ship Building Limited – one of the two ports – split its Kattupalli operation by dismantling its port business into a new enterprise called MIDPL. L & T expanded the shipbuilding and repair facility to 361 hectares and MIDDPL took 136 hectares and 24.65 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) port capable of handling the port.
At present, the capacity of MIDPL is dwarf by its large neighbor Kamarajar Port Limited (KPL). But with Adani’s entry and its expansion plans, MIDPPL is expected to increase its capacity to 359 MTPA-eight times more than one-third of the total capacity of throughput of KPL and all Indian major ports.

MIDPPL requires 2,120 hectares (5,239 acres) to understand its plans. To make the shipping channel deep, 440 hectares of new land will be built along the coast by dumping the ocean sands. MIDPPL’s ‘feasibility report’ (PDF) says that to increase the height of five meters from sea level, dredged sea sand will also be added to 600 hectares. Most of these areas are part of Ennore Creek.
With a total length of 9.35 km, two new breakwater ports and shipping berths will be out in the sea to form. 30 million liters/day (MLD) desalination plant will take care of the freshwater needs of the port. It will suck in 75 ml sea water and 45 ml toxic hypersaline will be rejected in the ocean.
The cryogenic features required to handle liquefied natural gas (LNG) and petroleum gas (LPG) at the port will require seawater-intensive evaporation stations. At full capacity, in the vaporization works of MIDPL, 2,880 ml will be treated in seawater and will be polluted in equal proportion in the sea. The sewage pollution operated by Chennai Metro Water Supply and Sewerage Board is almost four times. Used seawater is a sign of sodium hyposulphite (AKA sodium thiosulphate), which is used as an agent to kill marine organisms in intake seawater.

Who benefits?
The success of MIDPL is based on the rapid and deep industrialization of southern Hinterland. A network of expressways radiates from the exit door of ports in Kattupally. The missing links with important trunk roads are fast filling.
Rs 12,300 Crore Chennai Peripheral Road will link the MMPL Port Gate to the East Coast Road in Mamallapuram. This will require 800 hectares of land, mostly privately owned. About 5,000 trees will be affected. It connects Japanese-funded road ports with four national highways, and Salem-Chennai Expressway proposed in the famous Automobile Hub Oragadham. Nearly an outer ring road project costing Rs 2,000 crores, connecting Vandular from Minjur provides a small link between Kattupally ports and eight lane expressways, where the expressway ends.


Funded a Japanese finance Ponneri Smart City Japanese funded 240 km, six-lane Chennai-Bangalore will be the nodal point for the industrial corridor. It will be connected to the ports through peripheral road. Chemical, rubber and plastic industries should be developed as industrial real estate.


Estimated exits for 150,000 automobiles annually, located around and around Oragadam and Sriperumbudur in Kanchipuram, with Ford, Hyundai, Toyota, Nissan, Renault, Daimler AG, BMW AG, Mahindra and Mahindra, Caterpillar and Komatsu, four wheels And heavy vehicles.


If mining leases are made to remove iron ore from Kavuthimalai and Vediyappanamalai in Thiruvannamalai district, and Kanjmalai in Salem will help in the exit of the eight-lane route ore or as a product. Jindal-owned Cisco, a manufacturer of special steals, would like it.
In February 2018, the Ministers of Finance and Defense announced separately that India’s first Defense Industrial Corridor, Chennai-Bangalore will be the industrial corridor. India is expected to invest in this sector with global laboratories attracted by 100% FDI in low labor cost, employer-friendly labor law and defense construction, thereby increasing the demand for industrial components, from making handguns to aircraft Are going Real estate bodies such as multinational defense equipment manufacturers, industrial associations such as CII and CREDAI have welcomed these plans.

Who loses?
War lines are clear: Farmers, farm workers and fishermen on one side, and an incompatible coalition of small and big industrialists, along with a desperate, unemployed battalion of footwear labor, prepared by the decisive ranks of fields and fishermen. .
Census data show that in Tamil Nadu, the total number of agricultural labor workers decreased by 49.5% to 42.1% in the decade till 2011. This decline is not in line with the rise in better quality jobs in the industry or other new economies. Instead, publishing in the form of publication of Tamilnadu correctly notes, “This trend is a trigger for the urban-urban-urban migration and development of mushrooms.”


Great designs are committing suicide by India and China to come into the second industrial revolution, even if it is evaluated on the basis of their influence on freshwater – a resource that will determine or weaken the future of countries like India.
Each of the above-mentioned schemes has made the security of water by changing the contours, reducing hydroelectricity, obstructing hydroelectric flows, stimulating salinity infiltration and stirring in groundwater hydropower.
In June 2018, Chennai made a list of Indian cities to some extent, whose water would last till 2020. In lean years, the utility of the city’s water has rendered more than 100 million fresh water out of the Araniyar Kosthasthyar basin. This once rich resource base is in serious tension today. Due to excessive exploitation and consumption of drinking water, low flow due to upstream abstraction in the Kosthasthyar river and the continuous decline of Ennore Wetlands have reduced groundwater recharge rates and has spoiled the intensity of salinity.
It is bound to be worse. For example, MIDPPL proposes to spread sand tunes in Kattupully Island and dump 40 million cubic meter salted sand from the bottom of the ocean to build new land on Ennore Creek. If the dumps are evenly dumped on Chennai, the quantity of sand is enough to increase the contour of the whole city to 10 cm. These acts will harm the inland freshwater resources.


The roads of radiation from ports have the singular purpose: high speed mobility for vehicles. The right and requirement of water for flow is an ideology. The roads either flows or believe that large quantities of water of monsoon flow in large areas to squeeze themselves through narrow and poorly designed calves. Result: Damage from the logging of water on one side of the road, and damage by desiccation on the other.
Construction material for these projects will also affect remote land. MIDPPL’s proposal needs a good sand of 12 million cubic meters (423 million cubic feet) – this is enough river sand to meet the requirements of all Tamilnadu for 42 days (10 million cubic feet per day with demand are supposed to). The river’s sand water reservoirs are
Sand mining is unbelievable. According to The Guardian, “Sand was 85% of the total weight of mining material in 2014, yet it has been filled with rock irons for thousands of years.”


Ennore coast is getting worse. In fact, Kamarajar was established despite the port warning that it would trigger corrosion. In 2006, a study by the Ministry of Earth Sciences made a clear warning: “Now with the construction of Ennore port in the north of Chennai, 16 km north of the port, the problem of another erosion arose and the same issues as the Chennai port emerged. If there is no intervention plan, then the danger for ecologically sensitive Pulicat Lake is mandatory. “
Additional erosion triggered by MIDPL port will violate the narrow strip of sand that separates the lake from the Bay of Bengal and will be convenient to the west of the subsequent march.


However, instead of strengthening the enforcement of environmental regulations, the Ministry of Environment at the Center, almost as in anticipation of Adani’s project, is reducing security. On July 2, 2018, the Ministry revised the Coastal Regulation Zone notification. It is now legal for “strategic” projects to eliminate the tidal wetland like Adani’s Sagarmala plan.


It has been argued that the increasing consumption of steel, cement, electricity and building material to execute these projects will increase the GDP in the near term. But the resultant geographical changes, environmental degradation, lack of resources and social upheaval will not be prolonged.

 

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