In new research, scientists have found traces of fatty acids. These fatty acids are usually used to build the biological cells in which they hope that life may have existed in the Mars.
The researchers who are from the UK has found about 12,000 Olympic sized pools of organic matter on Mars. This organic matter represents the traces of the past life which might be present on the planet. According to the Mark Sephton, who is the head of Imperial’s Department of Earth Science and Engineering said, “Mars harbored water billions of years ago, meaning some form of life might have thrived there. If life existed before the water dried up, it would probably have left remains that are preserved to this day in Martian rock.”
Dorset which is present in the UK has some highly acidic Sulphur streams which have bacteria which live in extreme conditions. The condition is same in St Oswald’s Bay, which is the replica of the conditions of the Mars which is billions of years ago. The researchers have treated that surface as the surface of the Mars and have experimented to know the organic matter which is preserved in the rock.
The iron-rich mineral known as goethite can transform to hematite, and this material is common in the Mars, and it gives the planet as red color. If these minerals are present in the Earth, they could have held the traces of clue of the past life present in the Mars.
Scientists have said that the heat which is occurring might have to make the mineral to react with other mineral and that may be the reason why we cannot found the trace of life in it. But, when you heat goethite or hematite, it does not destroy the organic matter which is present in it.