This is a case of “treatment which kills”: An international conservation treaty is obstructing research, claiming scientists.
In a communication published in the journal Science on June 28, an international team of scientists – including Ashok Trust for research in the professors of Kerala Agricultural University of India and the Ecology and Environment (ATRE) – say that the Conference on Biological Diversity (CBD , Which is also a signatory to India) is interrupting biodiversity research and due to its implementation, Stopping international cooperation.
The goal of the CBD is to preserve biological diversity, using biological components and fair and equitable sharing of benefits (with local or indigenous communities) that may arise from the use of genetic resources. The latter was portrayed in the Nagoya Protocol, which was implemented in 2014. But it has produced “unexpected results” for research; Due to the national level laws established by the countries under the CBD, obtaining field permits for access to samples for non-commercial research has become increasingly difficult, write to the authors.
They suggest that the plant for the food and agriculture or “seed treaty”, the international treaty on genetic resources, which ensures universal public access to essential food and fodder genetic resources, exchange of biological content for non-commercial, The research can be used as a model for providing. Dr. Priyadarsanan Dharma Rajan (ATREE), the co-author of policy criticism, said that there can be another solution to add a clear treaty or contract to CBD to promote and facilitate biodiversity research, conservation and international cooperation.
More than 170 scientific documents from 35 countries are co-signatories and Dr. Jeyaraney Kathyrithamby, University of Oxford, UK, who study small insect parasites, is one of them.
She wrote in an email, “It is almost impossible to gather [samples for research] in South America.” “We bring the material back for analysis and always [sample] voucher should be kept here and collected in the country too. But now it is difficult to get permission.”
However, we should not see regulation as a restriction, a source said in the National Biodiversity Authority of India (which primarily applies the biological resources of India and applies the benefits of sharing). Under government approved international partner projects, content can be freely exchanged; Sources said that there are “convenient procedures” for sending samples for taxonomic identification to other countries.
India is one of only 196 countries which has committed to CBD and approved it in February 1994.