Water crises, India, Water conservation, rivers, india

Conservation of water resources for sustainable growth by the year 2022 doubles the income of farmers.

In the past few months, the water resource awareness and awareness have increased unprecedentedly. Discussions on water resources have not been limited to privileged discussions in the air-conditioned rooms of New Delhi’s policy centers. Office work, home affairs, and markets are day-to-day discussions. These waterfalls were changed as a result of two such events that were discussed during the discussions on water sources.

First of all, the Shimla water has been lost in the water, and summer tourists were forced to reverse the economy of the city. This growth, Rango’s astrological film, would have been unlucky. If the unfortunate incident is wasted when we neglected it, the country is foreseeing what could happen.

Second, NITI Aayog released the June Water Efficiency Index (CWMI). A pilot exercise is an attempt to identify, target and improve the key water resources indicators. The current tragic situation shows the state of the deficiency of about 50% of India’s population, and 21 of the main cities flow away from groundwater by 2021. The index of irrigation, drinking water and other water-related sectors is composed of 28 key performance indicators (KPIs). Road improvement, major and medium irrigation, main water and irrigation development, participatory irrigation, sustainable agricultural water use, rural drinking water, urban water supply and sanitation, policies and governance are given priority. By changing public discourse, the index has started to achieve its goal.

However, the next goal is to identify a realistic, operational and definite set of policies that can lead the way forward in water conservation, which is indicated in the CDMTI’s ranking. According to the National Commission for Integrated Water Resources Development report, by 2050 water supply demand for BCM is 1,137.

At present, water supply usage is 80% and it is about 700 BCM. However, the demand generated by us in a limited amount of BCM 1,137 must meet the increasing demand for the population, including the household water requirement, industrial requirements, environmental science and generation of electricity. By 2050, it is estimated that to reduce the irrigation requirement to 68% of the total demand. Domestic and industrial sectors accounted for 9% and 7% respectively. Further, current and lower irrigation efficiency for surface and ground water is 30% and 55% respectively. By 2025 the efficiency of surface and ground water irrigation would be 60% and 75% respectively. Following are some of the key policies that assist governments to gain quick and significant benefits in water efficiency management, in order to better manage resources.

First, states with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Telangana and other water shortages should be directed to micro irrigation systems. Flooding techniques These techniques are significantly higher in irrigation technology. The state has begun; but we need to accelerate the transition to micro irrigation. The total capacity of the country’s micro-irrigation system is about 69 million hectares. The traditional surface irrigation provides 60-70% efficiency. But with water cut irrigation, high efficiency up to 70-80% and 90% of water drop drip systems are available. Secondly, the state should focus on areas development (CAD). Now it’s more of a concern for the “crop to one crop”, the Honorary Member of Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY). Initiated in 1974, CAD has now become an accepted method for improving water efficiency in irrigation. In addition, CAD plays a decisive role in weakening the gap between irrigation capabilities (IPCs) and irrigation (IPU).

Third, the cultivation patterns in the states must be varied according to agro-climate zones. Irregular cultivation affects the country’s productivity and efficiency. Now, India has come a long way from the days of the Green Revolution, and now it’s time to focus on the more clear aspects of water use efficiency and agricultural productivity. An example of an unsuitable cultivated pattern is in the Maharashtra region, which is afflicted by West Uttar Pradesh and the severe water crisis. Similarly, Punjab, which is 149 percent of groundwater development stage, is being used inefficiently in water.

Fourth, we have to solve the problem of extinction agriculture. Although this issue has been studied in various areas of income and productivity, it is of great value in order to increase water efficiency. There are two steps to address this problem. First, governments can expedite the adoption of the model Farm Land Lossing Act in 2016, which can lead to amalgamation of small farms. However, regardless of India’s agriculture, the second option may provide the initial benefits of creating and conducting FPOs. FPOs encourage farmers to share ownership of the community with low transaction costs. In India, about 70% of the farmers are small farmers and the average farm is 1.15 hectares.  So there is a great chance for FPOs to be established. This will create a vast economy for agricultural products, water consumption and cost of production.

The above steps are greatly facilitated in order to change the water landscape in the irrigation sector in the abundant water resources of the Irrigation section. By the year 2022, it was a great idea to double the income of farmers. But protecting water resources for sustained growth in India is very important. Both goals are not different. On the contrary, they are interconnected.

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