Hyperion: The cosmic Titan of the early universe
Image Source: ScienceDaily

An international team gifted astronomers have reportedly discovered a large structure in the early universe that came into being after two billion years of the big bang. The cosmic proto-supercluster of the milky way galaxy is nicknamed as Hyperion. According to the astronomers, Hyperion is the most massive and the most significant structure they have ever found at such a far away distance and time.

Bologna’s Space Astrophysics Institute, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Olga Cucciati led the team of astronomers along with Brian Lemaux, the scientist of the project in Physics Department, College of Letter and Science at the University of California, Davis, and the professor of physics, Lori Lubin at UC Davis. These remarkable people used the IMO instrument on a very large telescope of ESO, in Paranal, Chile for identifying an enormous proto-supercluster of galaxies that formed in the premature stage of the Universe.

Hyperion is the largest and the gigantic structure that has been found till date which dates backs to the formation of the Universe. Hyperion has a calculated mass of more than one billion times of the sun.

According to Cuccuaiti, this is the first that such a large structure has been found a relatively high redshift of more than two billion years of the big bang. “This structure is usually known under lower redshifts, which means When the universe I have more time to evolve and build such huge things. When the universe is relatively young, it is a surprise to see this change.”

The team also identified the most complex structure of Hyperion that contains at most seven highly densified regions which are connected to the galaxies by filaments. Moreover, in Hyperion, the mass is evenly distributed in a series of blobs which are connected to one another that is furthermore populated by a loose association of galaxies.


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