In a new development, the researchers have made a new computer model which can help astronomers to know about the radiation emitted by the supermassive black holes when they eat the massive stars. These feeding features are called as Tidal Disruption Events (TDEs) and are thought to be rare, and it occurs in some galaxies which are once every 10,000 years.
They live in the heart of the largest galaxies, and they resemble a huge black hole which is a point in space which have some powerful gravitational pull from which even the light cannot escape. Sagittarius A, which is the name of the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole, is situated at about 26,000 light years away from Earth in the galactic centre. The mass of the black hole is said to be about four million Suns.
Astronomers usually find it difficult to find the supermassive black hole directly as they don’t emit any light, but they can try to understand the monsters by observing about the activities that they do with the environment and how they feed themselves off them. These meals can be of any shape and size and sometimes they can eat a whole star.
The supermassive black hole is unable to eat an entire star at once, and the stellar material which is not eaten by hole falls inwards, and it forms which is known as an accretion disk. When the accretion disk accelerates and compresses, it usually becomes super-heated and its cause to shine brightly with visible light and also other radiations.
The new computer model shows the framework for the disparate events, and it reveals the TDEs which is appeared different due to the angle at which we observe them. The paper in which there is a detailed study about the research was published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters.