Swelling is a widespread phenomenon that occurs in most human bodies. Mostly, swelling occurs in feet and ankles. Swelling can be painful sometimes and can get pretty challenging to walk too. Have you ever thought what the reason behind swelling is? Well, here we are with the reasons why your feet get swell. It mostly happens in adults and can occur on both sides of the bodies. Swelling occurs mainly in the lower parts of the body due to the gravitational force. Though the swelling doesn’t pose a health risk, it is essential to see a doctor sometimes. Blisters can be dangerous sometimes as it can pose some serious health threats which need the instant attention of a doctor.
Causes Of Swelling In Leg, Ankle, and Foot
There can be many causes of swelling, which also includes your lifestyle. The objectives are:
Overweight: If you are overweight, then there is a possibility that your legs might not get enough blood. Due to which legs start to fill up with fluid causing swelling in ankles and feet.
Sitting and standing period: Muscles require movement and rest, and if you are doing any of it on an excessive level, then your legs and feet can swell.
Medications: Particular medications like testosterone, estrogen, and steroids can cause swelling in the foot, ankle, and leg. Others medicines like antidepressants such as MAO inhibitors and anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin can cause swelling. Such medication can stop blood circulation, as they make blood thick resulting in swelling. Do not stop medications unless you consult with your doctor about the swelling.
There are other possible situations due to which you can experience swelling in feet and ankles, including:
Hormonal Changes: such changes are widespread and natural in the human body. It happens with everyone, as the fluctuation in estrogen and progesterone levels can result in less circulation in legs. Less flow can cause swelling, which occurs in pregnant women and women going through the menstrual cycle.
Clotting of Blood: a blood clot in legs can also cause swelling as if it deposits in the vein. A lump can stop the flow of blood in legs resulting in swelling, which can also cause discomfort.
Injury wound and infection: if the wound in leg, foot, or ankle increase the blood flow of the area that means the feet is swelling up.
Veins blockage: When veins are unable to push blood to legs, it causes swelling and lumps.
Pericarditis: It is a condition when a sac develops around the heart causing breath related problems and swelling in legs and ankles
Lymphedema: the disturbance in the lymphatic system such as blockage results in swelling in arms and legs.
Preeclampsia: It generally occurs in pregnant ladies due to high blood pressure. It results in poor circulation of blood, causing swelling in the face, legs, and hands.
Home Remedies Of Leg, Foot, And Ankle Swelling
There are many home remedies which can help you in rectifying your swelling problem. Here we are with some treatments which are going to help you in controlling the swelling of your legs, feet, and ankle:
- Try to keep your legs in an inclined position, allowing them to the post above your heart. You can use a pillow under your legs, which might comfort you as well.
- Take care of your everyday movement, and do not stay in one position. Stretch your legs whenever you get time.
- Use less salt in the food, as salt tends to increase the fluid causing swelling.
- Do not use cloths tight to your thighs, including fasteners.
- Maintain your weight and exercise daily.
- Walk every hour or stretch every hour.
When To Visit A Doctor In Case Of Swelling In Legs, Ankle, and Feet
- Increase in the swelling if you are experiencing disease related to heart or kidney.
- If you have liver disease and your legs are swell.
- If the swollen area is warm when touched.
- Increase in body temperature with swelling.
- Sudden swelling during pregnancy.
- The swelling starts to change color.
How To Prevent Ankle, Legs, And Foot Swelling
Swelling can never even occur if you follow these measures:
- WHO recommends that if you exercise for 150 minutes per week, you can avoid swelling.
- Do not sit and stand for a long time as it is imperative to stay in motion.
- Change your salt intake habits to 23,000 mg to 1,500 mg, as taking too much salt can cause fluid growth in legs leading to swelling.
Possible Conditions Of Swelling
- Ankle Swelling
Ankle swelling can occur due to sprain in tissues that connect the leg bones to foot. Such an incident occurs when you twist your ankle in an unwanted position. Such happenings can even tear the ligaments, making it hard also to move. Consult a doctor if there is a sprain in the ankle because such incidents need recovery and doctor’s attention.
Symptoms of Ankle Sprain
- Unable to set foot on the floor
- Discoloration of skin
It is recommended to see a doctor as soon as possible because the situation may get worse by the time. There are several methods to heal the ankle swelling at home, including:
- Wearing an elastic bandage overnight and day to provide warmness to the injured part.
- You can also use a brace to support your ankle.
- Take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to avoid pain.
- Take rest and avoid walking until it gets better.
Swelling In Legs and Ankle
Swelling in legs and ankle is very common because of the gravitational pull that surface applies. Gravity affects the fluids in the human body, which differ in everybody. The leg and ankle may seem different from the other parts of the body, and you may feel difficulty in walking or even standing. Swelling can get severe and painful as the leg may feel tight. There can be discoloration of the skin too.
The Reason Behind Swelling Of Legs
- Veins unable to push blood back to the heart
- Heart Failure
- Blood clots in legs
- Failure of liver
- Failure of kidney
- Intake of antidepressants
- Medications related to hormones
- Blood Pressure control medications
Home Remedy For Leg Swelling
- Take plenty of rest until the swelling goes away or you consult your doctor.
- Massage the swollen area with ice for 20 to 30 minutes every four hours.
- Compress the infected area but not so much that you stop the circulation.
- Keep your legs in inclination position to rectify the blood circulation problem to the heart and leg.