When you approach Narol, you see the silhouette of some winding mountain like sunrise. Soon, you realized that this is an open landfill – in which there are almost all solid waste in Ahmedabad. Landfill land area and settlement in Ahmedabad are the seventh largest open landfill in India in terms of volume of solid waste. Kachraa (Garbage) in local language is spread over 84 hectares and have a height of 200 meters. Since the 1980s, this garbage has been the only city’s reservoir.
Narol is one of the largest industrial groups in Ahmedabad with more than 5,000 garments, chemical processing, pharmaceutical and recycling factories in Ahmedabad. All these factories are run by the cheap labor provided by the vast migrant workers of more than 4.5 lakh people from the tribal districts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. This is an invisible workforce that fueled the development story of Gujarat, but due to landfill, facing the inadequate burden of inadequate high level of air pollution and serious health hazards due to the pandemic landfill.
Impact of increasing urbanization of Ahmedabad and adverse economic growth rapidly. In the landfill, the municipality is a growing pile of solid waste. Garbage trash is a mixed waste, which contains paper, plastic containers, bottles, cans and many electronic items. “This mixed waste is burned on a daily basis – an inefficient combustion process that releases significant amounts of air pollutants, ash, densely white or black smoke.” According to the state of the Global Air Report, air pollution is a major cause of deformation and mortality throughout the world, resulting in public health effects as well as financial losses every year. According to the report, ambient air pollution in 2015 resulted in approximately 4.2 million deaths.
In Narol, the factories around the landfill have had harmful effects on the health and welfare of migrant workers employed. Through the survey of Urban Health Center (UHC) in Behrampur, where Landfill is located, there are 649 people is suffering from tuberculosis out of 1,65,731 peoples between April 2017 and March 2018.
“The patients identified with TB and other respiratory diseases are admitted to government hospitals or given proper medication, but once the patient gets polluted,” says Gohil, head of the TB eradication program at Behrampur UHC. Unbearable environments, they become victims of the same diseases and eventually kill them. “
Shahidbhai, who had gone from Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh 18 years ago, came in search of a livelihood that could keep his family back home. “When I started working, I had a dream to open a small garment unit and make it bigger in Ahmedabad. But for three years in my work, I started falling ill due to asthma and I have to leave There was no alternative because my whole family was dependent on me. ” Even after nearly two decades in Ahmedabad, his life is limited to the industrial area of Narol. “I had the option to rent only a small room where I work because the rooms in the industrial sector are cheaper. I find it difficult to breathe late in the evening because the fumes generated by burning waste in the air landfill And is full of smoke. “
Rajubhai, a tribal from Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh, spent 13 years ago working with his family to work in boilers which used to produce steam for running machines in Narol factories. “Although all parents leave something behind their children, here I am leaving them with the deadly disease. In all its possibilities, the heritage will continue,” says Rajbhai, who has a dim-eyed eye. All four members of his family, including those, are suffering from TB. Due to multi-drug-resistant TB, his wife died six months ago. Her youngest daughter Vanitha, who is only 14 years old, has also been diagnosed.
Ahmedabad, like any other Indian megacity, claims cosmopolitan identity that is surrounded by extraordinary and consumeristic lifestyles. But its elite and upper-middle class citizens are living comfortably in their get -ated communities and produce endless waste; they do not have any clue that they bear the cost of their work. It is a migrant worker who is scared of garbage and stink in the darkness of the city. They lead sub-human life associated with contaminated air, toxic chemicals and deadly diseases. Many complaints and PILs have been filed on the environmental consequences of the landfill of the landfill. However, nothing has been done to improve the situation on the ground.
Gautam Kumar Mahanti and music work with Suthan Livelihood Bureau, which is a special non-profit initiative that provides services, support and security to rural, seasonal migrant workers.