I broke this tradition with tradition and did not admire the best and brightest of the new Petunias. However, I still fear that today’s Petunias, especially my favorite Wave Petunias, perform in the heat of our summer.
There are Petunias F1 hybrids such as Waves and Supertonics, which result from genes correction, not painful, try-and-perfect plant breeding techniques.
What is F1 Hybrid? Breeds select a Petunia which has a specialty that they want to live in a new variety. Then they increase this belly and repeatedly cross themselves, take the seeds from the parents and after each cross they sow again until they get the “pure line” of inbred plants with the desired trait Castes Plants in this net line are genetically identical and all are exactly the same. Breeders have kept “pure line” apart from all other petunias, so it will not be “contaminated” with other stomach genes. They also make other pure inbreed lines with different desirable characteristics.
The next step is crossing two pure inbreed lines, hope that the offspring will be identical and both selected attributes will be in. The offspring is called the F1 (first filial) hybrid. Of course, the combination of both is not always in a better new diversity. Apart from this, there are usually more than two characteristics that the breeders need in a new variety, additional reproduction efforts are required.
Crossing the F1 hybrid and two pure lines produced by inbreeding has very similarity to the plant’s habit, shape and color. They have generally increased strength and higher yields compared to their parents. When you buy a single F1 hybrid flower or variety of vegetable from one year to the next year, you can depend on it. This is because the same pure parent lines are maintained to produce seeds for that particular F1 hybrid variety. However, if you save seeds from F1 hybrids and apply them, most of the offspring will be very different from their F1 parents because genes have become mixed.
The origin of the original Petunia species was discovered by the Spanish explorers in South America. He did not see them as useful or beautiful, so he did not return the samples back to Spain. However, later the searchers gathered various Petunia species and sent them home in Europe. In the second half of 1800, the breeders worked on crossing various puppies to obtain petunias with large flowers of different colors. As a result of his efforts, Petunias was called Petunia X Hybrid. However, technically it was a simple cross between two species, not a real hybrid.
The first true single-flower multiflora F1 hybrid petunia, ‘Silver Medal’, was introduced in 1949 by Charles Waddle. After this, in 1952 ‘Ballinina’ was followed by an F1 hybrid grand flora petunia. The performance of the better garden of F1 hybrid petunias meant the collapse of the “hybrids” first. In 1983, Ball Seed Company introduced the Petunia milestone by introducing Floribunda Petunias, and then Pan-American Seed introduced the first spreading Petunia, purple wave in 1995, if you try some of those old “hybrid” petunias If you want, see Baker Creek Herilum Seeds.
This year I did not decide to plant flowers in some of my courtyard containers, but the containers had a different idea. After the spring came, I saw the small volunteers Petunia Planting growing in the utensils. I decided to grow and see what would happen.
Serendipity has come! My “empty” utensils are now full of a rug of beautiful pink, fusia, purple and white patunias. They are not carbon copies of their F1 hybrid parents who grew up there last year. It’s likely that their parents will not perform better, but I enjoy enjoying the beauty produced by Petunia Genetics.