In the last decade, progress in biotechnology has made rapid progress in the fields of medicines, food, ecology, and neuro-science. With this progress there is ambition for further progress-it is able to realize that we are capable of engineering crops to produce more food, that means we are able to make them more engineered to be healthy May be. Building a brain-machine interface that can read the original ideas; this may mean that another interface can eventually read complex ideas.
One of those areas where progress is particularly fast is genomics, and with that progress, the ambitions have grown so fast. Earth Biogenome Project, whose purpose is to index the DNA of all known eukaryotic life on Earth, is a shining example of both progress and ambition.
National Science Academy, a newspaper released details about the project. Nearly 10 years, $ 4.7 billion will be spent, and more than 200 petabytes of digital storage space will be required.
These figures are very big, but in fact they are smaller than the history of the indexed genes until this point. Human Genome Project, the publicly-funded project first to index complete human genome. It took ten years in this endeavor – it started in the year 1990 and was completed in 2003 – and total spending was $ 2.7 billion ($ 4.8 billion in today’s dollars).
Now, only 15 years later, the goal of the Earth Bio Genome Project is to take advantage of the low cost for the sequence, inventory, and analysis of the time and almost the same cost as the genomes of all known eukaryotic species on Earth.
Eukaryotes are plants, animals, and single-cell organisms except bacteria and antiquity. It has been estimated that anywhere between 10-15 million eukaryotic species (from a corridor to a Chinchilla till a flea) (and still very small) Out of 2.3 million out of which we have documented, we have indexed fewer than 15,000 genomes (most of which are microbes).
As influential as it is that scientists can do this, you might be thinking, what’s the matter? There is a clear advantage to studying the human genome, but what would we do out of decoding of a rhinoceros or a flea?
Earth Bio Genome will essentially allow scientists to take high-fidelity, digital genetic snapshots of life known on earth. Jean Robinson, one of the project leaders, said, “The greatest heritage of [the project] will be the full digital library of life, which will guide future discoveries for generations, as well as a professor of antomology and director of Carl RK at the University of Illinois.
Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, The estimated return on the investment ratio of the Human Genome Project was 141 to 1 and it is the only financial side of things. This project contributed greatly to the pursuit of affordable genomics because we know today, an area that promotes the development of disease-related genetic mutation and its diagnosis and treatment. New gene-editing tools such as CRISER have emerged since and one day may be able to treat genetic disorders.
Increase these returns to millions of species, and, to gain insight – and that insight brings solid benefits-important. Researchers can get new medicines or find better way of engineers of organisms for use in manufacturing or energy. They will be able to do complex searches on how and when different species have evolved – information which has so far been buried in the depth of history.
In the future the designing genome will be a personal thing, a new art form in the form of painting or creative as a sculpture. Famous physicist Freeman Dyson said in 2007,” New compositions will be some masterpieces, but many people will bring happiness to our creatures and flora for our creatures and diversity. “
Ten years later, just after a while, his vision, which was close to science fiction, not long ago, is coming closer to reality. Earth Bio genome will hold an important part of the Earth’s genetic palette at the fingertips of future synthetic biologists.
But this is not a complete deal yet. In addition to financing, better details of the project should still be confirmed; one of the biggest questions is that, in fact, scientists will learn about the enormous task of collecting the remaining DNA samples from every known species on Earth. Some museum samples will be used, but many people have not been preserved in such a way that DNA can produce a high quality genome. An important source of sampling will be the global genome biodiversity network.
Robinson said, “Genomics has helped scientists to develop new drugs and new sources of renewable energy, feeding the growing population, protecting the environment and supporting human survival and well-being.”