ISRO released the first-ever pictures of the moon surface captured by Chandrayaan-2. Chandrayaan-2 is orbiting the moon currently, the spacecraft delivered the images of the surface craters of the moon. ISRO shared those pictures on Monday in which there were craters Hermite, Kirkwood, Somerfeld, Jackson, Mach, Plaskett, Korolev, Mitra, and Rozhdestvensky. The craters on the moon are named after the great physicist, astronomers, and scientists. There’s a crater which is named after the famous Indian physicist, Pros Sisir Kumar Mitra, and Crater Mitra is named after the Padma Bhusan winner for his contributions to the field of ionosphere and Radiophysics. Chandrayaan-2 captured these images on August 23 with the use of the Terrain Mapping Camera-2. The spacecraft took the images of the crater at an altitude 4,375 km.
What Is Chandrayaan-2?
Chandrayaan-2 is a successor of Chandrayaan-1, which is a satellite in the orbit of the moon. Chandrayaan-2 is India’s first mission to make its first-ever soft landing on the surface of the moon. If India succeeds in this mission, it will become the fourth nation to set foot on the lunar surface after the US, USSR (now Russia), and China. Chandrayaan-2 consists of three stages including an Orbiter, rover, and lander. The spacecraft took its flight on July 22 and performed two maneuvers, and ISRO announced after the second maneuver that everything is functional and all the parameters are normal. The spacecraft is loaded with 14 advanced techs payloads, and 13 out of them belongs to India and one imaging tech belongs to NASA. Chandrayaan-2 is going to perform three more maneuvers before leaving for the landing. The lander Vikram is going to separate from the orbiter and will start its journey to the moon on September 2. The lander will hopefully land on the surface of the lunar on September 7.
Talking about the craters on the lunar surface, the tradition of naming the craters after the famous physicians, astrologers, scientists and other famous personalities started back in the 17th century, according to the book written by G A Burba and K.B Shingareva in the book The Lunar Nomenclature: The Reverse Side of the Moon, 1961-1973. Back then, people used the names of philosophers, scientists and the members of royalty. People even used names of the Earth features for comparing to the lunar. The things were standardized after the resolution passed by the International Astronomical Union 1973, the resolution said that the craters over the surface of the moon will be named after the names of well-known scientists, astronomers, and physicists, who contributed their best works in their respective fields. Apart from the lunar craters, authorities name mountains after the famous people as a tribute for their contribution in their respective fields, while there are such dark places which are named after the mental states of the human.
After the completion of the mission Chandrayaan-2, India is planning to set its foot on Mars by 2024. ISRO has reached the orbit of Mars in 2014 and now the nation is planning to land on the planet Mars to explore and know more about the planet. The nation is even planning to reach out to Venus in 2023. ISRO is planning to have a separate space station which is going to be different from the International Space Station, the announcement was made by K Sivan in a press conference on June 13. ISRO is also planning to send astronauts into space in the context of the 75th Independence anniversary of India in the year 2022. Sivan addressed, “We have to sustain the Gaganyaan program after the launch of (the) human space mission. In this context, India is planning to have its space station.”