London, July 1 (PTI) Before Earth’s surface 130 million years ago on Mars, a solid layer of water and life emerged on Mars, scientists said that a rare meteorite called ‘Black Beauty’ was analyzed.
The initial surface of Mars is composed of a fluid magma ocean which is crystallized by the intensity of only 20 million years after the formation of the Solar System.
After this, a solid layer emerged on the Red Planet with water and life, potentially housing the oceans. It was approximately 130 million years before the similar solid layer appeared on Earth.
Researchers from Denmark’s Natural History Museum found new evidence for this rapid crystallization and crest formation on Mars.
Study on the basis of the analysis of the rare Mars Meteorite Black Beauty, the study extends the window to the existence of life on Mars.
During the development of terrestrial planets, Crest formation plays a vital role and makes Black Beauty special and expensive that there are small pieces of a layer from Mars.
More precisely, Black Beauty has rare mineral zircon in which researchers have found a high concentration of Hafnium.
“Zircon is a very strong mineral that is ideally suited to provide a full age. In this context, jerseys can be used to establish a temporary framework for understanding the formation history of Martian Crust,” Martin Bizarro said from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Bizarro said, “Zircon also acts as a small time capsule because it preserves information about the environment where it was made.”
“In this case, a time capsule with hafnium from the oldest layer of Mars, which was present almost 100 million years before the earliest Zircon in Black Beauty,” he said.
“Thus, an early start began compared to Mars, whose solid layer was not made until it was very late.”
However, to reach this result, it needed courage in a certain amount.
In 2011, in the Sahara Desert, a huge meteorite black beauty was found in the original 319.8 gm. Soon it became clear that the meteor was something special and at present, it is worth about $ 10,000 per gram.
A year ago, Bizarro managed to get 44 gms of black beauty with the exchange of meteorites from the collection of various funding agencies and museums.
Bizarro said, “One of the big challenges is that Zircons are very small in Black Beauty, and called for a brave tactic: we crushed our precious meteorite.
It releases seven zircons, one of which is the oldest known zircon from Mars. And with their content of Zircon and Hafnium, we can now conclude that the crystallization of the surface of Mars is very fast: 20 Millions of years ago, there was a solid layer in the Solar System’s Mars planet which could potentially make oceans and perhaps even life. “